The Asian Migrants Centre, the MAP Foundation and the Workers and Farmers Solidarity League of Burma applaud the brave action taken by workers in industrial zones in Burma who have protested against exploitative working conditions despite the threat of a crackdown.
Photo courtesy of Irrawaddy
On 8 February 2010, 3,600 factory workers, mostly women, in the Hlaing Tharyar industrial zone in Rangoon, Burma, protested against the substandard working conditions they are forced to endure in the factories. Workers employed at the Opal 2 and Mya Fashion factories demanded a wage increase of US$10 a month. The next day, workers at the Taiyee shoe factory, and the Kya Lay garment factory also came out to demand the enforcement of public holidays, an increase in their daily wage, proper payment of overtime and other basic rights.
The Burmese military regime responded by bringing in hundreds of armed police and warned the workers that they would face a violent crackdown if they did not disperse peacefully. On 10 February, the workers had little choice but to accept a compromised settlement of a monthly increase of US$2–5. But then the next day, 11 February, workers from Myanmar Sunny shoe factory form Industrial Zone No. 2 and from Miss Style shoe factory from Industrial Zone No. 3 announced that they would also demand increased wages.
The industrial zone where these factories are located employs 50,000-70,000 workers. The factories are owned by Korean, Thai and Burmese nationals, among others. Workers earn only around US$5 a month.
Burma continues to be ruled by a military dictatorship with a record of violent crack- downs against any form of protest or gatherings over five people. Trade unions are banned. Workers in Burma are thus denied their basic rights of assembly and collective bargaining. In addition, with a blackout of news coverage of any unrest, workers are completely isolated from international attention.
The isolation of the workers, the presence of the military and the history of the regime is cause for grave concern for the safety and the rights of all workers in Burma and urgently for the workers in the Hlaing Tharyar industrial zone.
It is also important to note that there are no international agencies in Burma who can support the rights of workers and monitor the situation, due to the restrictive political environment inside Burma.
Asian Migrant Centre, MAP Foundation and the Workers and Farmers Solidarity League of Burma applaud the brave action taken by the workers and stand in solidarity with all workers in Burma in their struggle for workers rights. We are deeply disturbed by the threat of military force by the military junta in responding to these strikes by workers exercising their freedom of association.
The workers in Burma need your voices. They need your trade unions, civil society organisations and media to highlight their situation, to raise these violations of workers rights with your governments, especially those who are investing in Burma and your governments who are trading with Burma. Please petition your governments urgently.
The workers in Burma need you to demand that the International Labour Organisation (ILO) expand its mandate in Burma to include all forms of exploitation, not only forced labour.
You can also write letters to Sen. Gen Than Shwe c/o Ministry of Defence, Naypyidaw, Myanmar, to express your outrage at the use of threats of violence to quell workers’ call for a US$5 a month raise.
And finally please send a message of support to the brave workers in Burma at [email protected]
Unite with Workers in Burma!