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World Happiness Report 2017: Nordic countries lead the world

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Malaysia must aim for the levels achieved by the the Nordic countries in the seven criteria used as benchmarks for happiness, writes Benedict Lopez.

Norway has been ranked the happiest country in the world in the 2017 World Happiness Report, with the Central African Republic the least happy of the 155 countries surveyed.

In 2016, Denmark occupied the top spot, but this year the country was placed in a respectable second position. Four of the top five happiest countries were from the Nordic region, with Iceland in third position. Switzerland and Finland were placed fourth and fifth.

The other five countries that made it to the top ten list were the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden.

Countries in sub-Saharan Africa along with Syria were the least happy according to the report.

The World Happiness Report ranked countries based on the following factors: caring, freedom, generosity, good governance, honesty, health and income.

Being familiar with the Nordic countries, I can understand why the Nordic nations are among the happiest. What they have in common is the sense of security they give their citizens: free healthcare services from cradle to grave, free education from school to university, pensions guaranteed by the state, transparency and good governance, and a societies that are almost free of corruption.

Norway is a model nation that has made great strides in its economic and social development since the discovery of oil more than 45 years ago. The oil wealth has filtered down to the masses in terms of excellent free healthcare, education and maternity benefits. What’s more, good and transparent governance and the almost complete absence of corrupt practices contribute to society’s sense of wellbeing.

The United States, a superpower, was placed 14th, despite advances made in per capita income and life expectancy. Happiness in the United States declined 0.51 points between the two-year periods ending in 2007 and 2016.

Even other European countries did not fare well in the report. Germany was ranked 16th for the second year, while the United Kingdom moved up four notches to 19th spot. Russia moved up seven spots to 49th.

Among Asian countries Malaysia was ranked the fourth happiest country in Asia in 42nd spot, after Singapore (26), Thailand (32) and Taiwan (33). Nevertheless, Malaysia was ahead of other Asian countries like Japan (51), South Korea (56), the Philippines (72), China (79) and Indonesia (81).

Some developing countries in Latin American countries like Brazil (22), Argentina (24) and Mexico (25) were ahead of Malaysia. I find it difficult to understand how these countries are ahead of Malaysia.

For all Malaysia’s shortcomings, we should have been placed above these countries based on at least a few of the seven criteria such as a sense of caring, health and income.

Despite the many complaints levelled at our public healthcare system, no Malaysian is turned away for from receiving medical treatment at any public hospital or clinic in Malaysia. This is a remarkable achievement for the country since independence, and I hope that no Malaysian will ever be denied this fundamental human right.

We should also strive to provide our people not only free healthcare services but also free education (without any hidden costs) from primary school to university. No compromises should be made in providing free healthcare services and education to our citizens.

Good healthcare services and a sound education system should be the privilege of everyone, not just the prerogative of the minority.

Although we still have a long way to go, Malaysia must aim for the levels achieved by the the Nordic countries in the seven criteria used as benchmarks for happiness.

The views expressed in Aliran's media statements and the NGO statements we have endorsed reflect Aliran's official stand. Views and opinions expressed in other pieces published here do not necessarily reflect Aliran's official position.

AGENDA RAKYAT - Lima perkara utama
  1. Tegakkan maruah serta kualiti kehidupan rakyat
  2. Galakkan pembangunan saksama, lestari serta tangani krisis alam sekitar
  3. Raikan kerencaman dan keterangkuman
  4. Selamatkan demokrasi dan angkatkan keluhuran undang-undang
  5. Lawan rasuah dan kronisme
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Benedict Lopez was director of the Malaysian Investment Development Authority in Stockholm and economics counsellor at the Malaysian embassy there in 2010-2014. He covered all five Nordic countries in the course of his work. A pragmatic optimist and now an Aliran member, he believes Malaysia can provide its people with the same benefits found in the Nordic countries - not a far-fetched dream but one he hopes will be realised in his lifetime
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