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The 2021 constitutional amendments: The Malaysia Agreement and the status of the Borneo states in Malaysia

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According to de facto law minister Dr Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar, the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2021’s unanimous passing in the Dewan Rakyat on 14 December 2021 is a historical moment for Sarawakians and Sabahans as “the amendment would truly give recognition to the demands and special status of Sabah and Sarawak upon forming Malaysia together with Singapore and the Federation of Malaya in the Federal Constitution on 16 September 1963”.

Does this change in the interpretation of the Federation for Sabah and Sarawak represent true equal partnership between the Federation of Malaya and the Borneo states?

Now that the bill gives recognition to the Malaysia Agreement 1963 in the Federal Constitution, what would be the way forward to restore the rights of Sabah and Sarawak in line with the agreement?


  • Emeritus Professor Shad Saleem Faruqi, professor, Faculty of Law, University of Malaya
  • Dr Bridget Welsh, political analyst, University of Nottingham Asia Research Institute Malaysia
  • Wilfred Madius Tangau, Tuaran MP
  • Chong Chieng Jen, Stampin MP

Organiser: Wisdom Foundation

The views expressed in Aliran's media statements and the NGO statements we have endorsed reflect Aliran's official stand. Views and opinions expressed in other pieces published here do not necessarily reflect Aliran's official position.

AGENDA RAKYAT - Lima perkara utama
  1. Tegakkan maruah serta kualiti kehidupan rakyat
  2. Galakkan pembangunan saksama, lestari serta tangani krisis alam sekitar
  3. Raikan kerencaman dan keterangkuman
  4. Selamatkan demokrasi dan angkatkan keluhuran undang-undang
  5. Lawan rasuah dan kronisme
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